UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization), which is the common heritage of humanity and aims to protect universal values, selects the most precious examples of the heritage list. In these lands where cultures meet, there are 18 historical artifacts included in the UNESCO list.
Built in the 13th century, the Mosque and Hospital are located in the district of Divrigi in Sivas. The most remarkable places of the mosque and the hospital built by Ahmet Şah and his wife Turan Melek during the period of Mengücekoğulları are undoubtedly the carvings in their doors and columns. In the carvings made by the masters of Tbilisi and Ahlat, exquisite craftsmanship was exhibited and moreover, thousands of motives were made different from each other and did not repeat one another. The interior of the mosque is also very special and rich.
The seven-hill city of Istanbul has embraced civilizations with all its hospitality for centuries, making it the capital of three of the largest states in the world. Historical Areas of Istanbul appear as four regions: Süleymaniye Conservation Area, Sultanahmet Urban Site Archeological Area, Zeyrek Conservation Area and Istanbul Land Walls Conservation Area.
Cappadocia is one of the rare beauties not only of our country but also of the world today. This region, which takes you to a journey to the land of fairy tales, is the last point of the generosity nature offers to human beings. It is a unique geography with its churches, monasteries, underground cities, valleys and fairy chimneys.
Hattusa, located on the borders of Bogazkale district of Çorum, was the capital city of the Hittites. The capital Hattusa was abandoned with the fall of the Hittites in 1200 BC. But even today there are traces left by that flamboyant and rich civilization. There are important works such as lion doors, city walls, around thirty temples and royal residences. In addition, the Kadesh Treaty, known as the first written treaty of history, was found in excavations in Hattusa and is on display at the Istanbul Archeology Museum.
Nemrut mountain with a height of 2150 meters, located in the borders of Adiyaman province in the southeast of our country, is a sign of gratitude with its exquisite scenery and enormous statues. The giant statues commissioned by Antiochos the first who is the King Of Commagene to show his gratitude to the Gods and all his ancestors are fascinating and mysterious. Hundreds of visitors climb to the top of the mountain to experience this atmosphere, and most of the time watch the sun rise or set here.
Pamukkale, which is world famous, is on the border of Denizli province and is teeming with the ancient city of Hierapolis right next to it. Serving those seeking healing for centuries, Pamukkale welcomes thousands of visitors with its healing waters and baths, and today with its travertine pools, it offers a great visual appearance to those who come.
Hierapolis is a sacred city that embraces religions with its theater, baths, Agora, colonnaded streets and gates, temples and necropolis.
Xanthos, the administrative center of the Lycian region, and Letoon, another important religious center, were added to UNESCO in 1988. These two settlements in the Mediterranean region, located on the borders of Antalya, are important cities that bear the traces of Lycia.
Xanthos reflects the Roman period as well as the traces of the Lycian civilization. Especially the Harpy monument is one of the best known values of Xanthos.
Letoon is named after the Goddess Leto, who was the mother of Artemis and Apollo. The Legend of the establishment is very interesting, especially in the city's sacred areas are noteworthy. Temple of Goddess Leto, Temple Of Artemis and Temple of Apollo are 3 temples in existence. In this sense, it is the religious center of the Lycian region.
It is a city that bears Ottoman traces with its mansions sorted down the slopes, taking away traces of lived in its narrow streets. Safranbolu, which tries to protect its rich historical and cultural heritage in the best way, is rapidly moving towards becoming a world famous city with its hundreds of historical monuments under protection.
In the city, where the Turkish traditional lifestyle is felt, the local tastes fill both the eyes and the stomach. Added to the Unesco Heritage List in 1994, the city is visited by thousands of local-foreign tourists each year.
Troy, as archaeologists call it, is the "city rich by the wind" at the entrance of the Dardanelles. Here is the destruction of the Trojan wars and Forbidden Love mentioned in Homer's Iliad. Troy, one of the oldest settlements in Anatolia, has nine layers. With its defense system, it contains many mysteries within the city.
It is a mosque with four minarets located in Edirne, which was the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Its technical excellence, craftsmanship and elegance fascinate those who come. The mosque, which is seen in all its glory from all over the city, was built by Selim and bears the signature of Mimar Sinan. There are madrasas, library and muvakkithane surrounding the mosque in the Külliye. Selimiye Mosque and complex, the masterpiece of its period in terms of architecture, was added to the Unesco Heritage List in 2011.
Çatalhöyük, located in the borders of Çumra District of Konya province, was discovered in the 1960s. The settlement, one of the rare examples of the Neolithic period, has played an active role in the transition of human beings to agriculture and thus to settled life and has carried traces of this to the present day. It is also called Çatalhöyük because it consists of two areas in East and west wool.
Bursa, where you will embrace history step by step, was conquered by Orhan Gazi in 1326 and became the capital of the Ottoman Empire. This city, which was an important settlement in the transition from Principality to state, was filled with hundreds of Ottoman artifacts. Cumalıkızık, the most famous of the kızık villages today, has managed to take its place in the Unesco Heritage List with its 700-year history of Turkish villages.
Bergama is notable for its architecture, which bears traces of the Hellenistic, Roman, Eastern Roman and Ottoman periods. The ancient city of Bergama, home to the steepest Theatre in Anatolia, is also important with its temples and sanctuaries. Bergama, which had the third largest library of antiquity, was called Pergamon and was the place where the parchment made from animal skin was invented. It was incorporated into UNESCO in 2014.
With its historic walls, which have survived for thousands of years and created a long adventure between the past and the present, Diyarbakir is one of the greatest owners of the historical heritage. The city's fortifications, which are home to many civilizations, are approximately 5 kilometers long and 10 meters high. The walls, which defy thousands of years with the first construction date taken to 3000 BC, are not only the historical value of Turkey but also of the World. Diyarbakir Castle and Hevsel Garden, known as the oldest fortifications in the world after the Great Wall of China, were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015.
Ephesus, located in the borders of Selçuk district of Izmir, is the center of the ancient Ionian region. There are dozens of interesting buildings in Ephesus, the port city with the largest theater in Anatolia. Gymnasium, Stadium, Agora, Bouleterion, Theatre, Holy ramp, Temple of Hadrian, Fountain of Trajan, Library of Celcus, Latrine, House of Love are some of these structures. Excavations are still underway in Ephesus, which has been listed as a Unesco Heritage site since 2015.
Ani maps on the Turkish-Armenian border. It was founded on the banks of Arpaçay, which is called" 1001 Church City " and has embraced dozens of civilizations. At the time of architecture, the fortifications at the place bearing traces of Armenian, Georgian, Seljuk are noteworthy. The memoir maps, which welcome thousands of visitors to bile under winter snows, have managed to make its place in the Unesco Heritage Site since 2016.
It is one of the richest and most beautiful ruins in Anatolia, located on the borders of Karacasu in Aydın province. Aphrodisias bears the deepest traces of Rome. It is an exciting place with its theatre, Agora, Stadium, Bouleterion and monumental structures. In 2017, it succeeded in making its place on the Unesco Heritage List.
It is located in the borders of Sanliurfa province and has changed the history of the world since it was discovered. Göbeklitepe, which is about 7000 years older than Stonehenge in England and 7500 years older than the Egyptian pyramids, is one of the most valuable riches of the Anatolian lands. It came across as an artifact built during the time when human beings lived as hunters and gatherers.
Göbeklitepe, which is touted as the oldest temple in the world with its T-shaped stones and animal figures on them, will become more enlightened in the coming years. Moreover, it will have some subjects rewritten in the history books. 2018 has been listed as a Unesco Heritage Site and 2019 has been declared as the Year of Göbeklitepe.
With its extensive history dating back to B.C., the Anatolian lands have witnessed every moment of history. It is possible to find valuable historical remains in every corner of Turkey.
5 km away from Doğubeyazıt on steep rocks.The palace, which features Turkestan, Seljuk and Ottoman architecture, has 116 rooms.
These eves, which are lined at the edge of Yeşilırmak, bear all the characteristics of Ottoman houses.
Mardin is a place where religions have met throughout history. The city, especially noted for its stone houses, has a fascinating image.
Built by the Romans in the second century BC, it has a capacity of 15 thousand people and is one of the best preserved historical buildings.
In the National Park, which contains the ancient city of Komagene,you can see the Eagle, Lion and giant statues up to 7 meters.
It is known for its historical structures belonging to Lycia, Rome and Byzantium. Those who go here can see the fire that has been burning in Çıralı for 3 thousand years and enjoy both history and nature.
An ancient city of 4 thousand years. Its churches, fountains, bazaars and caves continue to live thousands of years of history.
It is located in the Nizip District of Gaziantep. The ancient city is known for its mosaics from the Roman period.
The city, founded on the edge of the Arpaçay River, consists of ruins dating to 350-300 BC.
Cappadocia has a history dating back 60 million years. The soft layers of ash formed from the lava spewing from Mount Erciyes Hasan and Mount Güllü have been formed by the rain falling on them for millions of years and the wind blowing over them.
Pamukkale travertine, which is on the World Heritage list, dates back 14 thousand years, according to researchers, to its formation and the continuing flow of spring waters.
This lake is located in Şanlıurfa.It is known as the place where Abraham fell when he was thrown into the fire.
National Park, National and international rare cultural values with conservation, recreation and tourism areas are defined as parts of nature. Turkey has 45 beautiful national parks.
Some of them are;
WITH 491 BLUE FLAG BEACHES, THIS AREA IS SECOND IN THE WORLD!
The Blue Flag is an environmental award given to beaches and marinas that bear certain criteria, with a one-year validity. For beaches, clean sea water at first, then a reliable environment means. For this, the beaches are constantly checked. 44 countries are members of the Blue Flag program. As of 2020, there are 491 Blue Flag beaches in Turkey. Some of these beaches are:
WITH ITS BEAUTIFUL FACILITIES IN THE MOUNTAINOUS REGIONS, SKIING IS AT THE CENTER OF TURISM
Skiing is a type of sport that takes different names according to the materials used and made with aesthetic movements on the snowy ground. Turkey stands out in this area with 52 ski resorts. Special facilities have been built on top of the natural beauty for those who love winter sports.
Some ski resorts are;
SECOND MOST CRUISE BERTHS AFTER THE BAHAMAS !!
Tourism activity with cruise ships is particularly concentrated in the Mediterranean. The Mediterranean is second in world cruise tourism with 21.7%, after the Caribbean/Bahamas (34.4%). 344 cruise ships have docked in Turkish ports in the first 11 months of 2019.
IN RECENT YEARS, INVESTMENTS IN HEALTH SECTOR AND NATURAL RESOURCES ARE AHEAD OF EUROPE
Thermal tourism in Turkey is especially important in terms of domestic tourism. Turkey, which has 1300 thermal and more than 2000 medicinal water sources, is fifth in the world in this respect. Since the Hittites, hot springs are used in Anatolian lands. Kestanbol hot spring and Hierapolis left from the Roman period, Yalova kurşunlu bath left from the Byzantine period. In order to open a spa facility in Turkey, it is necessary to determine that it is medicinal by the Ministry of Health. There are 190 hot springs in 46 provinces in Turkey. The majority of local thermal tourists are from the Marmara (43.8%) and Aegean (26.6%) regions.
Thousands of people come to Turkey every year for treatment. It is on the way to becoming a center especially in the field of hair transplantation.
IT HAS A WIDE AND DELICIOUS CUISINE THAT TAKES ITS POWER
FROM ASIA, EUROPE,THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE FAR EAST !
It is said that three major kinds of cuisine exist in the world; Turkish, Chinese, and French. Fully justifying its reputation, Turkish Cuisine is always a pleasant surprise for the visitor. In addition to being the refined product of centuries of experience, Turkish Cuisine has a very pure quality. The variety and simplicity of the recipes and the quality of the ingredients are guarantees of delicious meals.
When the best cuisines in the world are judged it comes as a surprise to most people that Turkish cuisine has been rated as one of the three great cuisines of the world, along with French and Chinese. However, if you take a look back in time, the explanation for the extraordinary Turkish food is more understandable. It was during the 700 years of Ottoman rule that Turkish culinary skills were developed. Access to fresh ingredients was easy and infinite varieties of fish, poultry, fruit and vegetables and a countless number of spices were used. At the same time many people from different cultures settled in the country and this brought further inspiration to the cooking.
Among other things found by archeologists was a board from ancient times and the various signs and symbols thereon have been deciphered to reveal a kind of cook book with a list of familiar ingredients and spices.
All this is ours to enjoy today! Turkish specialities are numerous and certainly worth a try.